Wendell Castle [American, 1932-2018]
Squid Chair with Table, 1966
35 x 28 x 72 inches
88.9 x 71.1 x 182.9 cm
Signed and dated
Wendell Castle was always reaching out, in his forms and in his mind, and Squid Chair with Table literally diagrams this impulse. Its most unusual feature, a trio of tentacle-like legs curling upward from the base, bestows the composition with a curious, exploratory air. Together with the contours of the seat and integral tabletop, these tendril-like elements make the piece a compressed masterpiece of complex curvatures. Castle made only one other Squid Chair (the other, also made in cherry wood in 1966, lacks the table element), but they relate to other early works at various scales, in which he explored serpentine forms as a way to extend his compositions out into space. These light, draftsmanly touches counterbalance the monumental massing made possible by his breakthrough stack-lamination technique. Squid Chair with Table is a unique example of how he handled these contrasting aspects of his rapidly developing vocabulary. It shows his remarkable capacity to generate perfectly resolved forms, even as he was in high speed pursuit of his own imagination, wherever it led him.
Dr. Leonard Zinker and Anne Coffey Zinker, Rochester, NY
Barbara Anne Zinker, Rochester, NY and Robert Zinker, Tampa, FL
1966 Rochester-Finger Lakes Exhibition. Memorial Art Gallery, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY. April 1 – 24, 1966.
1966 Rochester-Finger Lakes Exhibition, exh. cat., Rochester, NY: University of Rocherster, 1966, n.p.
Emily Evans Eerdmans, Glenn Adamson, Dave Barry, etc., Wendell Castle: A Catalogue Raisonné 1958-2012, New York: The Artist Book Foundation, 2014, cat. no. II.129, p. 95.
Throughout a celebrated career spanning six decades, Wendell Castle introduced groundbreaking ways of looking at, thinking about, and making furniture. In doing so, he created a new sculptural vocabulary that became the cornerstone of his practice and established him as the father of the American studio furniture movement. Up until his death, Castle continued to defy categorization through his sheer creative drive.
Born in Emporia, Kansas in 1932, Castle received a Bachelor’s Fine Art in Industrial Design from the University of Kansas in 1958 and a Masters of Fine Art in Sculpture in 1961. He moved to Rochester, New York to teach at the School for American Crafts, Rochester Institute of Technology, and established a permanent studio in the area which would remain active for almost 60 years.
In 1963, Castle pioneered the use of stack lamination, enabling him to compose volumes without being constrained by the inherent limitations of his signature material, wood. He soon gained international recognition and was included in key exhibitions, including the 1964 Triennale di Milano and the seminal touring show Objects USA (1969) which began at the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington D.C. During the last decade of his life, Castle achieved some of his most ambitious work of his career by combining the laminating process with 21st century digital technology and realizing works in cast-bronze, which had been a lifelong aspiration.
Castle was the recipient of numerous honors and awards, including four grants from the National Endowment for the Arts, three honorary degrees, a Visionaries of the American Craft Movement Award from the American Craft Museum (1994), the American Craft Council Gold Medal (1997), Master of the Medium Award from The James Renwick Alliance of National Museum of American Art (1999), and a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Brooklyn Museum of Art (2007).
His works can be found in the permanent collections of more than 40 museums and cultural institutions worldwide, including: Art Institute of Chicago, IL; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, CA; the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY; Minneapolis Institute of Arts, MN; Musée des beaux-arts de Montréal, Quebec; Museum of Arts and Design, New York, NY; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA; Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX; Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY; Nelson Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, MO; Philadelphia Museum of Art, PA; Renwick Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, and the Victoria & Albert Museum, London.
Castle died in 2018 in Rochester, NY.